If you want trees that will do well in your yard, it’s best to stick with species that are native to the area. National chain nurseries and home improvement stores don’t necessarily understand the climate and conditions in Connecticut, so you can’t simply trust what they carry.
Any of the five following trees are native to the state and will do well if you care for them properly.
As you probably guessed from the name alone, this tree is great if you’re a fan of the color red. While the leaves are green in the summer, red flowers provide a fiery accent. In the early spring and fall, however, the leaves are red. This tree can grow to be about 100 feet tall and 50 feet wide.
- The soil around this tree cannot be alkaline or it will struggle. Fertilize in the spring if possible to make the soil more acidic, if necessary.
- Water this tree slowly and deeply, as well as less frequently to promote good root development.
- Only prune in the fall, since this tree will bleed sap.
Many seek after this tree for the bright yellow foliage each fall, plus the wood is used in fine craftsmanship. You’ll notice the trunk and branches have a black bark. If you break the twigs, they give off a wintergreen scent. When mature, this tree can reach a height of up to 50 feet, and a width of about 40 feet.
- Maintain the soil to be more acidic, since alkaline or neutral pH can cause this tree to struggle.
- Keep the soil moist with regular watering and mulch around the base of the tree. Be careful to not overwater this tree.
- This tree can handle full sun or partial shade but likes to keep cool in the summers.
This native evergreen has a drooping terminal leader or top, instead of it standing straight up, unlike other evergreens. The needles sit flattened on the branches, rather than the spiral appearance. These produce pine cones and grow slowly, but in the right conditions can reach a height of 160 feet.
People love the look of this tree, but it requires exacting care:
- Keep the soil acidic through fertilization.
- Water this tree frequently but not for long periods of time, making a drip irrigation system ideal. The soil needs to stay moist but not be wet. Adding mulch can help maintain the right level of moisture.
- Use a tree stake for stability if you have a younger hemlock, thanks to the shallow root system.
- Regularly look over the tree for wooly sacs, indicating a hemlock wooly adelgid infestation, and have the tree treated.
The broad leaves on this tree look fantastic in the summer and fall, plus make this tree ideal for creating plenty of shade. In the fall, the leaves turn red, yellow, and orange. The tree can grow to be up to 120 feet tall and 80 feet wide.
- Keep salt away from the base of this tree. That means if it’s near a walkway or driveway, use something other than salt for de-icing in the winter.
- Water frequently, keeping the soil moist, and consider placing mulch around the base.
Northern Red Oak
This fast-growing variety of oak can reach up to 80 feet in height, plus it features an open canopy. During the summer, glossy, green leaves provide plenty of shade and a tremendously healthy appearance. By late summer, acorns appear, attracting squirrels and other animals. In the fall, the leaves turn a fiery red. This tree is low-maintenance and hardy.
- Fertilize the soil each spring to keep it acidic to neutral.
- Keep the soil moist but don’t soak it, and place mulch around the tree.
Contact Naturally Green Lawn Care for help maintaining your trees or any other plants in your yard.